Comparison of the Debye–Hückel and the Mean Spherical Approximation Theories for Electrolyte Solutions
Publication: Research - peer-review › Journal article – Annual report year: 2012
The thermodynamics of electrolyte solutions has been investigated by many scientists throughout the last century. While several theories have been presented, the most popular models for the electrostatic interactions are based on the Debye–Hückel and mean spherical approximation (MSA) theories. In this paper we investigate the differences between the Debye–Hückel and the MSA theories, and comparisons of the numerical results for the Helmholtz energy and its derivatives with respect to temperature, volume and composition are presented. The investigation shows that the nonrestricted primitive MSA theory performs similarly to Debye–Hückel, despite the differences in the derivation. We furthermore show that the static permittivity is a key parameter for both models and that in many cases it completely dominates the results obtained from the two models. Consequently, we conclude that the simpler Debye–Hückel theory may be used in connection with electrolyte equations of state without loss of accuracy.
|Journal||Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research|
|State||Published - 2012|
Copyright © 2012 American Chemical Society
|Citations||Web of Science® Times Cited: 10|
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