Comparing antimicrobial exposure based on sales data

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2013

Standard

Comparing antimicrobial exposure based on sales data. / Bondt, Nico; Jensen, Vibeke Frøkjær; Puister-Jansen, Linda F.; van Geijlswijk, Ingeborg M.

In: Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 108, No. 1, 2013, p. 10-20.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2013

Harvard

Bondt, N, Jensen, VF, Puister-Jansen, LF & van Geijlswijk, IM 2013, 'Comparing antimicrobial exposure based on sales data' Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol 108, no. 1, pp. 10-20., 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2012.07.009

APA

CBE

Bondt N, Jensen VF, Puister-Jansen LF, van Geijlswijk IM. 2013. Comparing antimicrobial exposure based on sales data. Preventive Veterinary Medicine. 108(1):10-20. Available from: 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2012.07.009

MLA

Vancouver

Bondt N, Jensen VF, Puister-Jansen LF, van Geijlswijk IM. Comparing antimicrobial exposure based on sales data. Preventive Veterinary Medicine. 2013;108(1):10-20. Available from: 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2012.07.009

Author

Bondt, Nico; Jensen, Vibeke Frøkjær; Puister-Jansen, Linda F.; van Geijlswijk, Ingeborg M. / Comparing antimicrobial exposure based on sales data.

In: Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 108, No. 1, 2013, p. 10-20.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2013

Bibtex

@article{be913daa462c41f8862f31d5e9afc774,
title = "Comparing antimicrobial exposure based on sales data",
keywords = "Antibiotics, Antimicrobials, International comparison, Animal demographics, Exposure, Antimicrobial resistance, Risk assessment",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
author = "Nico Bondt and Jensen, {Vibeke Frøkjær} and Puister-Jansen, {Linda F.} and {van Geijlswijk}, {Ingeborg M.}",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1016/j.prevetmed.2012.07.009",
volume = "108",
number = "1",
pages = "10--20",
journal = "Preventive Veterinary Medicine",
issn = "0167-5877",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparing antimicrobial exposure based on sales data

A1 - Bondt,Nico

A1 - Jensen,Vibeke Frøkjær

A1 - Puister-Jansen,Linda F.

A1 - van Geijlswijk,Ingeborg M.

AU - Bondt,Nico

AU - Jensen,Vibeke Frøkjær

AU - Puister-Jansen,Linda F.

AU - van Geijlswijk,Ingeborg M.

PB - Elsevier BV

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - This paper explores the possibilities of making meaningful comparisons of the veterinary use of antimicrobial agents among countries, based on national total sales data. Veterinary antimicrobial sales data on country level and animal census data in both Denmark and the Netherlands were combined with information about estimated average dosages, to make model calculations of the average number of treatment days per average animal per year, at first based on the assumption that the treatment incidence is the same in all species and production types. Secondly, the exposure in respectively animals for meat production and dairy and other cattle (excluding veal and young beef) was estimated, assuming zero use in the dairy and other cattle, and thirdly by assuming respectively 100% oral and 100% parenteral administration. Subsequently, the outcomes of these model calculations were compared with treatment incidences calculated from detailed use data per animal species from the national surveillance programmes in these two countries, to assess their accuracy and relevancy.In Denmark and in the Netherlands, although the computed antimicrobial exposure would seem to be a reasonable estimation of the exposure for all animals as a whole, it differs significantly from the measured exposure for most species. The differences in exposure among animal species were much higher than the overall difference between the two countries. For example, the overall model estimate of 9 treatment days per year for Denmark is a severe overestimation of the true use in poultry (i.e. 3 days), and the overall model estimate of 13 treatment days per year for the Netherlands is a severe underestimation of the true use in veal calves (i.e. 66 days).The conclusion is that simple country comparisons, based on total sales figures, entail the risk of serious misinterpretations, especially if expressed in mg per kg. The use of more precise model calculations for making such comparisons, taking into account differences in dosages and in farm animal demographics, only slightly reduces this risk. Overall model estimates are strongly influenced by animal demographics and a very inaccurate indication of the true differences in exposure, per animal species. To get an appropriate certainty about the true differences in antimicrobial exposure between countries it is an absolute necessity to have reliable information about the use per animal species.

AB - This paper explores the possibilities of making meaningful comparisons of the veterinary use of antimicrobial agents among countries, based on national total sales data. Veterinary antimicrobial sales data on country level and animal census data in both Denmark and the Netherlands were combined with information about estimated average dosages, to make model calculations of the average number of treatment days per average animal per year, at first based on the assumption that the treatment incidence is the same in all species and production types. Secondly, the exposure in respectively animals for meat production and dairy and other cattle (excluding veal and young beef) was estimated, assuming zero use in the dairy and other cattle, and thirdly by assuming respectively 100% oral and 100% parenteral administration. Subsequently, the outcomes of these model calculations were compared with treatment incidences calculated from detailed use data per animal species from the national surveillance programmes in these two countries, to assess their accuracy and relevancy.In Denmark and in the Netherlands, although the computed antimicrobial exposure would seem to be a reasonable estimation of the exposure for all animals as a whole, it differs significantly from the measured exposure for most species. The differences in exposure among animal species were much higher than the overall difference between the two countries. For example, the overall model estimate of 9 treatment days per year for Denmark is a severe overestimation of the true use in poultry (i.e. 3 days), and the overall model estimate of 13 treatment days per year for the Netherlands is a severe underestimation of the true use in veal calves (i.e. 66 days).The conclusion is that simple country comparisons, based on total sales figures, entail the risk of serious misinterpretations, especially if expressed in mg per kg. The use of more precise model calculations for making such comparisons, taking into account differences in dosages and in farm animal demographics, only slightly reduces this risk. Overall model estimates are strongly influenced by animal demographics and a very inaccurate indication of the true differences in exposure, per animal species. To get an appropriate certainty about the true differences in antimicrobial exposure between countries it is an absolute necessity to have reliable information about the use per animal species.

KW - Antibiotics

KW - Antimicrobials

KW - International comparison

KW - Animal demographics

KW - Exposure

KW - Antimicrobial resistance

KW - Risk assessment

U2 - 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2012.07.009

DO - 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2012.07.009

JO - Preventive Veterinary Medicine

JF - Preventive Veterinary Medicine

SN - 0167-5877

IS - 1

VL - 108

SP - 10

EP - 20

ER -