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Leaf anatomy and water relations of seven almond (Prunus dulcis Mill.) cultivars, traditional (Bonita, Casanova, Parada, Pegarinhos and Verdeal) and commercial (Ferragnès and Glorieta), grown under rain-fed conditions, were studied. The performed measurements included thickness of leaf tissues, leaf area, leaf mass per unit area, density of leaf tissue, relative water content, succulence, water saturation deficit, water content at saturation and cuticular transpiration rate. Significant differences were observed in most of the studied parameters between cultivars. Overall results indicate that traditional cultivars Bonita, Casanova and Pegarinhos have developed more morphological and structural leaf adaptations to protect against water loss than the other cultivars. If Bonita cultivar relies on reduced leaf area and stomatal density, thicker cell wall and leaf density, Casanova has increased cuticle thickness, while Pegarinhos adds a thicker epidermis and palisade parenchyma to increase protection to water loss. These data is one of the first comparative approaches to the leaf characterization of these cultivars, and should now be combined with physiological and biochemical studies, to further elucidate the adaptation processes of almond cultivars to harmful environments.
Original languageEnglish
JournalScientia Horticulturae
Volume229
Issue numberSupplement C
Pages (from-to)226-232
ISSN0304-4238
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: 1

    Keywords

  • Summer stress, Leaf tissue thickness, Leaf anatomy, Water relations
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