Communication: Strong excitonic and vibronic effects determine the optical properties of Li₂O₂

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

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Communication: Strong excitonic and vibronic effects determine the optical properties of Li₂O₂. / García Lastra, Juan Maria; Bass, J. D.; Thygesen, Kristian Sommer.

In: Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 135, No. 12, 2011, p. -.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

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García Lastra, Juan Maria; Bass, J. D.; Thygesen, Kristian Sommer / Communication: Strong excitonic and vibronic effects determine the optical properties of Li₂O₂.

In: Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 135, No. 12, 2011, p. -.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

Bibtex

@article{e3b270c29c634059bf988019387b03ee,
title = "Communication: Strong excitonic and vibronic effects determine the optical properties of Li₂O₂",
publisher = "American Institute of Physics",
author = "{García Lastra}, {Juan Maria} and Bass, {J. D.} and Thygesen, {Kristian Sommer}",
note = "© 2011 American Institute of Physics",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1063/1.3645544",
volume = "135",
number = "12",
pages = "--",
journal = "Journal of Chemical Physics",
issn = "0021-9606",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Communication: Strong excitonic and vibronic effects determine the optical properties of Li₂O₂

A1 - García Lastra,Juan Maria

A1 - Bass,J. D.

A1 - Thygesen,Kristian Sommer

AU - García Lastra,Juan Maria

AU - Bass,J. D.

AU - Thygesen,Kristian Sommer

PB - American Institute of Physics

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - The band structure and optical absorption spectrum of lithium peroxide (Li2O2) is calculated from first-principles using the G0W0 approximation and the Bethe-Salpeter equation, respectively. A strongly localized (Frenkel type) exciton corresponding to the π*→σ* transition on the O2 −2 peroxide ion gives rise to a narrow absorption peak around 1.2 eV below the calculated bandgap of 4.8 eV. In the excited state, the internal O2 −2 bond is significantly weakened due to the population of the σ* orbital. As a consequence, the bond is elongated by almost 0.5 Å leading to an extreme Stokes shift of 2.6 eV. The strong vibronic coupling entails significant broadening of the excitonic absorption peak in good agreement with diffuse reflectance data on Li2O2 which shows a rather featureless spectrum with an absorption onset around 3.0 eV. These results should be important for understanding the origin of the high potential losses and low current densities, which are presently limiting the performance of Li-air batteries.

AB - The band structure and optical absorption spectrum of lithium peroxide (Li2O2) is calculated from first-principles using the G0W0 approximation and the Bethe-Salpeter equation, respectively. A strongly localized (Frenkel type) exciton corresponding to the π*→σ* transition on the O2 −2 peroxide ion gives rise to a narrow absorption peak around 1.2 eV below the calculated bandgap of 4.8 eV. In the excited state, the internal O2 −2 bond is significantly weakened due to the population of the σ* orbital. As a consequence, the bond is elongated by almost 0.5 Å leading to an extreme Stokes shift of 2.6 eV. The strong vibronic coupling entails significant broadening of the excitonic absorption peak in good agreement with diffuse reflectance data on Li2O2 which shows a rather featureless spectrum with an absorption onset around 3.0 eV. These results should be important for understanding the origin of the high potential losses and low current densities, which are presently limiting the performance of Li-air batteries.

UR - http://www.aip.org/

U2 - 10.1063/1.3645544

DO - 10.1063/1.3645544

JO - Journal of Chemical Physics

JF - Journal of Chemical Physics

SN - 0021-9606

IS - 12

VL - 135

SP - -

ER -