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Clinical and laboratory studies on herds affected with postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome in Denmark, France, Spain, and Sweden: Disease progression and a proposal for herd case definition. / Grau-Roma, L.; Baekbo, P.; Rose, N.; Wallgren, P.; Fraile, L.; Larsen, Lars Erik; Segales, J.

In: Journal of Swine Health and Production, Vol. 20, No. 3, 2012, p. 129-136.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

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Grau-Roma, L.; Baekbo, P.; Rose, N.; Wallgren, P.; Fraile, L.; Larsen, Lars Erik; Segales, J. / Clinical and laboratory studies on herds affected with postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome in Denmark, France, Spain, and Sweden: Disease progression and a proposal for herd case definition.

In: Journal of Swine Health and Production, Vol. 20, No. 3, 2012, p. 129-136.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

Bibtex

@article{075f4e841ffa4cd0b72b3a9d25b93b19,
title = "Clinical and laboratory studies on herds affected with postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome in Denmark, France, Spain, and Sweden: Disease progression and a proposal for herd case definition",
keywords = "Swine, Postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome, Porcine circovirus type 2, Diagnosis, Statistical Process Control, PMWS, PCV2",
publisher = "American Association of Swine Veterinarians",
author = "L. Grau-Roma and P. Baekbo and N. Rose and P. Wallgren and L. Fraile and Larsen, {Lars Erik} and J. Segales",
year = "2012",
volume = "20",
number = "3",
pages = "129--136",
journal = "Journal of Swine Health and Production",
issn = "1537-209X",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Clinical and laboratory studies on herds affected with postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome in Denmark, France, Spain, and Sweden: Disease progression and a proposal for herd case definition

A1 - Grau-Roma,L.

A1 - Baekbo,P.

A1 - Rose,N.

A1 - Wallgren,P.

A1 - Fraile,L.

A1 - Larsen,Lars Erik

A1 - Segales,J.

AU - Grau-Roma,L.

AU - Baekbo,P.

AU - Rose,N.

AU - Wallgren,P.

AU - Fraile,L.

AU - Larsen,Lars Erik

AU - Segales,J.

PB - American Association of Swine Veterinarians

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Objectives: To propose and evaluate a protocol to establish a diagnosis of postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) at herd level. <br/>Materials and methods: The data used included both laboratory data from previous epidemiological studies carried out in Italy, Denmark, and Spain and original postweaning mortality data collected from several herds in Denmark, France, Spain, and Sweden. Statistical process control techniques were used to analyze the longitudinal evolution of mortality in each herd. <br/>Results: The analysis of data sets from three different countries showed that to diagnose at least one PMWS-affected pig with a probability &gt; 95%, it is necessary to study a minimum of three to five pigs. Longitudinally collected data showed that when &gt; 20 data points were available, a significant increase in mortality was always detected at close to the time of PMWS diagnosis. When &lt;10 points were available, a significant increase in mortality was detected in four of six studied herds, although mortality percentages were always higher at the time of PMWS diagnosis than before diagnosis. <br/>Implications: These results suggest that two conditions must be fulfilled to diagnose PMWS in a herd. Firstly, a significant increase in postweaning mortality, compared to the historical background in the herd, must be observed in association with clinical signs compatible with PMWS. Secondly, PMWS must be diagnosed in at least one of three to five necropsied pigs concurrently with the increase in mortality. Ruling out other potential causes of increased mortality is also necessary.

AB - Objectives: To propose and evaluate a protocol to establish a diagnosis of postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) at herd level. <br/>Materials and methods: The data used included both laboratory data from previous epidemiological studies carried out in Italy, Denmark, and Spain and original postweaning mortality data collected from several herds in Denmark, France, Spain, and Sweden. Statistical process control techniques were used to analyze the longitudinal evolution of mortality in each herd. <br/>Results: The analysis of data sets from three different countries showed that to diagnose at least one PMWS-affected pig with a probability &gt; 95%, it is necessary to study a minimum of three to five pigs. Longitudinally collected data showed that when &gt; 20 data points were available, a significant increase in mortality was always detected at close to the time of PMWS diagnosis. When &lt;10 points were available, a significant increase in mortality was detected in four of six studied herds, although mortality percentages were always higher at the time of PMWS diagnosis than before diagnosis. <br/>Implications: These results suggest that two conditions must be fulfilled to diagnose PMWS in a herd. Firstly, a significant increase in postweaning mortality, compared to the historical background in the herd, must be observed in association with clinical signs compatible with PMWS. Secondly, PMWS must be diagnosed in at least one of three to five necropsied pigs concurrently with the increase in mortality. Ruling out other potential causes of increased mortality is also necessary.

KW - Swine

KW - Postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome

KW - Porcine circovirus type 2

KW - Diagnosis

KW - Statistical Process Control

KW - PMWS

KW - PCV2

UR - http://www.aasv.org/shap/issues/v20n3/v20n3p129.html

JO - Journal of Swine Health and Production

JF - Journal of Swine Health and Production

SN - 1537-209X

IS - 3

VL - 20

SP - 129

EP - 136

ER -