Change of Static and Dynamic Elastic Properties due to CO² Injection in North Sea Chalk

Publication: Research - peer-reviewArticle in proceedings – Annual report year: 2012

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Reservoir modeling and monitoring uses dynamic data for predicting and determining static changes. Dynamic data are achieved from the propagation velocity of elastic waves in rock while static data are obtained from the mechanical deformation. Reservoir simulation and monitoring are particularly important
in enhanced oil recovery by CO2 injection (CO2-EOR) in chalk as, chalk reservoirs are vulnerable to compaction under changed stress and pore fluid. From South Arne field, North Sea, we used Ekofisk Formation chalk having approximately 20% non-carbonate and Tor Formation chalk having less than 5%
non-carbonate. We studied difference in static and dynamic behavior. Furthermore, brine saturated data were compared with CO2 injected data to reveal the effect of supercritical CO2 injection in both static and dynamic elastic properties. We used strain gauges and LVDTs to measure static deformation. We observed lower dynamic elastic modulus for chalk with higher non-carbonate content at porosities lower than 30%. In 30% porosity chalk, dynamic compressional and bulk modulus were found significantly higher than the static modulus. Static measurements with LVDT were found lowest. The effect of CO2 injection was notable in dynamic elastic properties, while a possible change in static elastic properties was below detection limit.
Original languageEnglish
TitleProceedings of the 74th EAGE Conference & Exhibition incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2012
Number of pages5
Publication date2012
StatePublished

Conference

Conference74th EAGE Annual Conference and Exhibition incorporating SPE Europec 2012
CountryDenmark
CityCopenhagen
Period04/07/1207/07/12
Internet addresshttp://www.eage.org/events/index.php?eventid=520
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