Cell-mediated and humoral immune responses in pigs following primary and challenge-exposure to Lawsonia intracellularis

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

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@article{2dea18e0b1b243a6bbf6d4fdf04dbbe1,
title = "Cell-mediated and humoral immune responses in pigs following primary and challenge-exposure to Lawsonia intracellularis",
publisher = "E D P Sciences",
author = "Hvass, {Henriette Cordes} and Ulla Riber and Jensen, {Tim Kåre} and Gregers Jungersen",
note = "This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1186/1297-9716-43-9",
volume = "43",
number = "1",
pages = "11",
journal = "Veterinary Research",
issn = "0928-4249",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cell-mediated and humoral immune responses in pigs following primary and challenge-exposure to Lawsonia intracellularis

A1 - Hvass,Henriette Cordes

A1 - Riber,Ulla

A1 - Jensen,Tim Kåre

A1 - Jungersen,Gregers

AU - Hvass,Henriette Cordes

AU - Riber,Ulla

AU - Jensen,Tim Kåre

AU - Jungersen,Gregers

PB - E D P Sciences

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - To investigate immune responses upon re-infection with Lawsonia intracellularis, local and peripheral humoral and cell-mediated immune responses to primary and challenge inoculations were studied in 22 pigs. Pigs were orally inoculated with virulent L. intracellularis at the age of 5-6 weeks, treated with antibiotics and challenged with a re-inoculation (RE) at the age of 12 weeks. Treatment control (TC) pigs received only the primary inoculation and challenge control (CC) pigs received only the secondary inoculation at 12 weeks of age. Following this regimen, all RE pigs were protected against the re-infection as defined by reduced colonisation and pathology of intestinal mucosa, absence of bacterial shedding and without increase in serum acute phase protein response. In the protected RE pigs, serum IgG responses were variable with both high and low responders. Serum IgA responses were not boosted by the re-inoculation, since identical intestinal IgA responses developed in response to the inoculation in both the susceptible CC pigs and the protected RE pigs. A memory recall cell-mediated immune response developed in RE pigs which was significantly stronger compared to the primary response in age-matched CC pigs as assessed by whole blood IFN-γ assay and by calculation of IFN-γ integrated median fluorescence intensity (iMFI) after flow cytometry. The major IFN-γ producing cells were identified as CD8+ and CD4+CD8+ double positive lymphocytes. The results indicate that cell-mediated immune responses are likely mediators of protective immunity against L. intracellularis, with CD8+ effector cells and CD4+CD8+ double positive memory T cells as main contributors to the antigen-specific IFN-γ production.

AB - To investigate immune responses upon re-infection with Lawsonia intracellularis, local and peripheral humoral and cell-mediated immune responses to primary and challenge inoculations were studied in 22 pigs. Pigs were orally inoculated with virulent L. intracellularis at the age of 5-6 weeks, treated with antibiotics and challenged with a re-inoculation (RE) at the age of 12 weeks. Treatment control (TC) pigs received only the primary inoculation and challenge control (CC) pigs received only the secondary inoculation at 12 weeks of age. Following this regimen, all RE pigs were protected against the re-infection as defined by reduced colonisation and pathology of intestinal mucosa, absence of bacterial shedding and without increase in serum acute phase protein response. In the protected RE pigs, serum IgG responses were variable with both high and low responders. Serum IgA responses were not boosted by the re-inoculation, since identical intestinal IgA responses developed in response to the inoculation in both the susceptible CC pigs and the protected RE pigs. A memory recall cell-mediated immune response developed in RE pigs which was significantly stronger compared to the primary response in age-matched CC pigs as assessed by whole blood IFN-γ assay and by calculation of IFN-γ integrated median fluorescence intensity (iMFI) after flow cytometry. The major IFN-γ producing cells were identified as CD8+ and CD4+CD8+ double positive lymphocytes. The results indicate that cell-mediated immune responses are likely mediators of protective immunity against L. intracellularis, with CD8+ effector cells and CD4+CD8+ double positive memory T cells as main contributors to the antigen-specific IFN-γ production.

U2 - 10.1186/1297-9716-43-9

DO - 10.1186/1297-9716-43-9

JO - Veterinary Research

JF - Veterinary Research

SN - 0928-4249

IS - 1

VL - 43

SP - 11

ER -