Cardiorespiratory fitness and physical activity in Luo, Kamba, and Maasai of rural Kenya

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

  • Author: Christensen, D.L.

    University of Copenhagen, Denmark

  • Author: Faurholt‐Jepsen, D.

    University of Copenhagen, Denmark

  • Author: Boit, M.K.

    Kenyatta University, Kenya

  • Author: Mwaniki, D.L.

    Center for Public Health Research, KEMRI, Kenya

  • Author: Kilonzo, B.

    Center for Public Health Research, KEMRI, Kenya

  • Author: Tetens, Inge

    Division of Nutrition, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Mørkhøj Bygade 19, 2860, Søborg, Denmark

  • Author: Kiplamai, F.K.

    Kenyatta University, Kenya

  • Author: Cheruiyot, S.C.

    Kenyatta University, Kenya

  • Author: Friis, H.

    University of Copenhagen, Denmark

  • Author: Borch‐Johnsen, K.

    University of Southern Denmark, Denmark

  • Author: Wareham, N.J.

    MRC Epidemiology Unit, Cambridge, United Kingdom

  • Author: Brage, S.

    MRC Epidemiology Unit, United Kingdom

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Although habitual physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) and cardio‐respiratory fitness (CRF) are now well‐established determinants of metabolic disease, there is scarcity of such data from Africa. The aim of this study was to describe objectively measured PAEE and CRF in different ethnic populations of rural Kenya. A cross‐sectional study was done among 1,099 rural Luo, Kamba, and Maasai of Kenya. Participants were 17–68 years old and 60.9% were women. Individual heart rate (HR) response to a submaximal steptest was used to assess CRF (estimated VO2max). Habitual PAEE was measured with combined accelerometry and HR monitoring, with individual calibration of HR using information from the step test. Men had higher PAEE than women (∼78 vs. ∼67 kJ day−1 kg−1, respectively). CRF was similar in all three populations (∼38 and ∼43 mlO2·kg−1 min−1 in women and men, respectively), while habitual PAEE measures were generally highest in the Maasai and Kamba. About 59% of time was spent sedentary (
Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Human Biology
Publication date2012
Volume24
Issue6
Pages723-729
ISSN1042-0533
DOIs
StatePublished
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: 6
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