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Capsid proteins from field strains of foot-and-mouth disease virus confer a pathogenic phenotype in cattle on an attenuated, cell-culture-adapted virus. / Bøtner, Anette; Kakker, Naresh K.; Barbezange, Cyril; Berryman, Stephen; Jackson, Terry; Belsham, Graham.

In: Journal of General Virology, Vol. 92, No. 5, 2011, p. 1141-1151.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

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Bøtner, Anette; Kakker, Naresh K.; Barbezange, Cyril; Berryman, Stephen; Jackson, Terry; Belsham, Graham / Capsid proteins from field strains of foot-and-mouth disease virus confer a pathogenic phenotype in cattle on an attenuated, cell-culture-adapted virus.

In: Journal of General Virology, Vol. 92, No. 5, 2011, p. 1141-1151.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

Bibtex

@article{897f19e72d6c4f2bb67f40915b02f767,
title = "Capsid proteins from field strains of foot-and-mouth disease virus confer a pathogenic phenotype in cattle on an attenuated, cell-culture-adapted virus",
publisher = "Society for General Microbiology",
author = "Anette Bøtner and Kakker, {Naresh K.} and Cyril Barbezange and Stephen Berryman and Terry Jackson and Graham Belsham",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1099/vir.0.029710-0",
volume = "92",
number = "5",
pages = "1141--1151",
journal = "Journal of General Virology",
issn = "0022-1317",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Capsid proteins from field strains of foot-and-mouth disease virus confer a pathogenic phenotype in cattle on an attenuated, cell-culture-adapted virus

A1 - Bøtner,Anette

A1 - Kakker,Naresh K.

A1 - Barbezange,Cyril

A1 - Berryman,Stephen

A1 - Jackson,Terry

A1 - Belsham,Graham

AU - Bøtner,Anette

AU - Kakker,Naresh K.

AU - Barbezange,Cyril

AU - Berryman,Stephen

AU - Jackson,Terry

AU - Belsham,Graham

PB - Society for General Microbiology

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Chimeric foot-and-mouth disease viruses (FMDVs) have been generated from plasmids containing full-length FMDV cDNAs and characterized. The parental virus cDNA was derived from the cell-culture-adapted O1Kaufbeuren B64 (O1K B64) strain. Chimeric viruses, containing capsid coding sequences derived from the O/UKG/34/2001 or A/Turkey 2/2006 field viruses, were constructed using the backbone from the O1K B64 cDNA, and viable viruses (O1K/O-UKG and O1K/A-Tur, respectively) were successfully rescued in each case. These viruses grew well in primary bovine thyroid cells but grew less efficiently in BHK cells than the rescued parental O1K B64 virus. The two chimeric viruses displayed the expected antigenicity in serotype-specific antigen ELISAs. Following inoculation of each virus into cattle, the rescued O1K B64 strain proved to be attenuated whereas, with each chimeric virus, typical clinical signs of foot-and-mouth disease were observed, which then spread to in-contact animals. Thus, the surface-exposed capsid proteins of the O1K B64 strain are responsible for its attenuation in cattle. Consequently, there is no evidence for any adaptation, acquired during cell culture, outside the capsid coding region within the O1K B64 strain that inhibits replication in cattle. These chimeric infectious cDNA plasmids provide a basis for the analysis of FMDV pathogenicity and characterization of receptor utilization in vivo.

AB - Chimeric foot-and-mouth disease viruses (FMDVs) have been generated from plasmids containing full-length FMDV cDNAs and characterized. The parental virus cDNA was derived from the cell-culture-adapted O1Kaufbeuren B64 (O1K B64) strain. Chimeric viruses, containing capsid coding sequences derived from the O/UKG/34/2001 or A/Turkey 2/2006 field viruses, were constructed using the backbone from the O1K B64 cDNA, and viable viruses (O1K/O-UKG and O1K/A-Tur, respectively) were successfully rescued in each case. These viruses grew well in primary bovine thyroid cells but grew less efficiently in BHK cells than the rescued parental O1K B64 virus. The two chimeric viruses displayed the expected antigenicity in serotype-specific antigen ELISAs. Following inoculation of each virus into cattle, the rescued O1K B64 strain proved to be attenuated whereas, with each chimeric virus, typical clinical signs of foot-and-mouth disease were observed, which then spread to in-contact animals. Thus, the surface-exposed capsid proteins of the O1K B64 strain are responsible for its attenuation in cattle. Consequently, there is no evidence for any adaptation, acquired during cell culture, outside the capsid coding region within the O1K B64 strain that inhibits replication in cattle. These chimeric infectious cDNA plasmids provide a basis for the analysis of FMDV pathogenicity and characterization of receptor utilization in vivo.

UR - http://vir.sgmjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/92/5/1141

U2 - 10.1099/vir.0.029710-0

DO - 10.1099/vir.0.029710-0

JO - Journal of General Virology

JF - Journal of General Virology

SN - 0022-1317

IS - 5

VL - 92

SP - 1141

EP - 1151

ER -