Baltic Salmon, Salmo salar, from Swedish River Lule Älv Is More Resistant to Furunculosis Compared to Rainbow Trout.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

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Baltic Salmon, Salmo salar, from Swedish River Lule Älv Is More Resistant to Furunculosis Compared to Rainbow Trout.. / Holten-Andersen, Lars; Dalsgaard, Inger; Buchmann, Kurt.

In: P L o S One, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2012, p. e29571.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

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Author

Holten-Andersen, Lars; Dalsgaard, Inger; Buchmann, Kurt / Baltic Salmon, Salmo salar, from Swedish River Lule Älv Is More Resistant to Furunculosis Compared to Rainbow Trout..

In: P L o S One, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2012, p. e29571.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

Bibtex

@article{92d91f2496d24b11b70d9d1dbefcd1de,
title = "Baltic Salmon, Salmo salar, from Swedish River Lule Älv Is More Resistant to Furunculosis Compared to Rainbow Trout.",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
author = "Lars Holten-Andersen and Inger Dalsgaard and Kurt Buchmann",
note = "This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0029571",
volume = "7",
number = "1",
pages = "e29571",
journal = "P L o S One",
issn = "1932-6203",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Baltic Salmon, Salmo salar, from Swedish River Lule Älv Is More Resistant to Furunculosis Compared to Rainbow Trout.

A1 - Holten-Andersen,Lars

A1 - Dalsgaard,Inger

A1 - Buchmann,Kurt

AU - Holten-Andersen,Lars

AU - Dalsgaard,Inger

AU - Buchmann,Kurt

PB - Public Library of Science

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Background: Furunculosis, caused by Aeromonas salmonicida, continues to be a major health problem for the growing salmonid aquaculture. Despite effective vaccination programs regular outbreaks occur at the fish farms calling for repeated antibiotic treatment. We hypothesized that a difference in natural susceptibility to this disease might exist between Baltic salmon and the widely used rainbow trout. Study Design: A cohabitation challenge model was applied to investigate the relative susceptibility to infection with A. salmonicida in rainbow trout and Baltic salmon. The course of infection was monitored daily over a 30-day period post challenge and the results were summarized in mortality curves. Results: A. salmonicida was recovered from mortalities during the entire test period. At day 30 the survival was 6.2% and 34.0% for rainbow trout and Baltic salmon, respectively. Significant differences in susceptibility to A. salmonicida were demonstrated between the two salmonids and hazard ratio estimation between rainbow trout and Baltic salmon showed a 3.36 higher risk of dying from the infection in the former. Conclusion: The finding that Baltic salmon carries a high level of natural resistance to furunculosis might raise new possibilities for salmonid aquaculture in terms of minimizing disease outbreaks and the use of antibiotics.

AB - Background: Furunculosis, caused by Aeromonas salmonicida, continues to be a major health problem for the growing salmonid aquaculture. Despite effective vaccination programs regular outbreaks occur at the fish farms calling for repeated antibiotic treatment. We hypothesized that a difference in natural susceptibility to this disease might exist between Baltic salmon and the widely used rainbow trout. Study Design: A cohabitation challenge model was applied to investigate the relative susceptibility to infection with A. salmonicida in rainbow trout and Baltic salmon. The course of infection was monitored daily over a 30-day period post challenge and the results were summarized in mortality curves. Results: A. salmonicida was recovered from mortalities during the entire test period. At day 30 the survival was 6.2% and 34.0% for rainbow trout and Baltic salmon, respectively. Significant differences in susceptibility to A. salmonicida were demonstrated between the two salmonids and hazard ratio estimation between rainbow trout and Baltic salmon showed a 3.36 higher risk of dying from the infection in the former. Conclusion: The finding that Baltic salmon carries a high level of natural resistance to furunculosis might raise new possibilities for salmonid aquaculture in terms of minimizing disease outbreaks and the use of antibiotics.

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0029571

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0029571

JO - P L o S One

JF - P L o S One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 1

VL - 7

SP - e29571

ER -