Atmospheric composition change: Ecosystems–Atmosphere interactions

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2009

  • Author: Fowler, D.

    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (GB)

  • Author: Pilegaard, Kim

    Biosystems Division. Management, Biosystems Division, Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark, Denmark

  • Author: Sutton, M.A.

    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (GB)

  • Author: Ambus, Per

    Ecosystems, Biosystems Division, Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark, Frederiksborgvej 399, 4000, Roskilde, Denmark

  • Author: Raivonen, M.

    University of Helsinki

  • Author: Duyzer, J.

    TNO Institute of Environmental Sciences (NL)

  • Author: Simpson, D.

    Chalmers University of Technology

  • Author: Fagerli, H.

    Norwegian Meteorological Institute (NO)

  • Author: Fuzzi, S.

    Istituto di Scienze dell'Atmosfera e del Clima – CNR (IT)

  • Author: Schjoerring, J.K.

    Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University

  • Author: Granier, C.

    UPMC Univ. Paris 06, LATMOS-IPSL; CNRS/INSU (FR)

  • Author: Neftel, A.

    Agroscope FAL Reckenholz, Swiss Federal Research Station for Agroecology and Agriculture (CH)

  • Author: Isaksen, I.S.A.

    University of Oslo

  • Author: Laj, P.

    Laboratoire de Météorologie Physique, Observatoire de Physique du Globe de Clermont-Ferrand, Université Blaise Pascal (FR)

  • Author: Maione, M.

    Universita' di Urbino, Istituto di Scienze Chimiche “F. Bruner” (IT)

  • Author: Monks, P.S.

    University of Leicester (GB), Department of Chemistry

  • Author: Burkhardt, J.

    University of Bonn (DE), Institute of Crop Science and Resource Conservation – Plant Nutrition

  • Author: Daemmgen, U.

    Bundesforschungsanstalt für Landwirtschaft (FAL) Institut für Agrarökologie (DE)

  • Author: Neirynck, J.

    Research Institute for Nature and Forest (BE)

  • Author: Personne, E.

    INRA, INA PG, UMR Environm & Grandes Cultures (FR)

  • Author: Wichink-Kruit, R.

    Wageningen University and Research Centre (NL), Department of Meteorology and Air Quality

  • Author: Butterbach-Bahl, K.

    Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe (FZK)

  • Author: Flechard, C.

    Soils, Agronomy and Spatialization (SAS) Unit INRA (FR)

  • Author: Tuovinen, J.P.

    Finnish Meteorological Institute (FI)

  • Author: Coyle, M.

    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (GB)

  • Author: Gerosa, G.

    Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica “Niccolò Tartaglia”, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore (IT)

  • Author: Loubet, B.

    INRA, INA PG, UMR Environm & Grandes Cultures (FR)

  • Author: Altimir, N.

    University of Helsinki

  • Author: Gruenhage, L.

    Institute for Plant Ecology, Justus-Liebig-University of Giessen (DE)

  • Author: Ammann, C.

    Agroscope FAL Reckenholz, Swiss Federal Research Station for Agroecology and Agriculture (CH)

  • Author: Cieslik, S.

    Institute for Environment and Sustainability, The European Commission, Joint Research Centre (IT)

  • Author: Paoletti, E.

    Istituto per la Protezione delle Piante – CNR (IT)

  • Author: Mikkelsen, Teis Nørgaard

    Ecosystems, Biosystems Division, Risø National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark, Frederiksborgvej 399, 4000, Roskilde, Denmark

  • Author: Ro-Poulsen, H.

    University of Copenhagen2

  • Author: Cellier, P.

    INRA, INA PG, UMR Environm & Grandes Cultures (FR)

  • Author: Cape, J.N.

    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (GB)

  • Author: Horvath, L.

    Hungarian Meteorological Service (HU)

  • Author: Loreto, F.

    Istituto di Biologia Agroambientale e Forestale – CNR (IT)

  • Author: Niinemets, Ü.

    Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Estonian University of Life Sciences (EE)

  • Author: Palmer, P.I.

    University of Edinburgh

  • Author: Rinne, J.

    University of Helsinki

  • Author: Misztal, P.

    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (GB)

  • Author: Nemitz, E.

    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (GB)

  • Author: Nilsson, D.

    Stockholm University

  • Author: Pryor, S.C.

    Indiana University (US), Atmospheric Science Program, Department of Geography

  • Author: Gallagher, M.W.

    University of Manchester

  • Author: Vesala, T.

    University of Helsinki

  • Author: Skiba, U.

    Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (GB)

  • Author: Brüggemann, N.

    Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe (FZK)

  • Author: Zechmeister-Boltenstern, S.

    Department of Forest Ecology, Federal Research and Training Centre for Forests, Natural Hazards and Landscape (AT)

  • Author: Williams, J.

    Max-Planck-Institut für Chemie (DE)

  • Author: O'Dowd, C.

    National University of Ireland (IE), Department of Experimental Physics and Environmental Change Institute

  • Author: Facchini, M.C.

    Istituto di Scienze dell'Atmosfera e del Clima – CNR (IT)

  • Author: de Leeuw, G.

    Climate and Global Change Unit, Research and Development, Finnish Meteorological Institute (FI)

  • Author: Flossman, A.

    Laboratoire de Météorologie Physique, Observatoire de Physique du Globe de Clermont-Ferrand, Université Blaise Pascal – CNRS (FR)

  • Author: Chaumerliac, N.

    Laboratoire de Météorologie Physique, Observatoire de Physique du Globe de Clermont-Ferrand, Université Blaise Pascal – CNRS (FR)

  • Author: Erisman, J.W.

    Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (NL)

View graph of relations

Ecosystems and the atmosphere: This review describes the state of understanding the processes involved in the exchange of trace gases and aerosols between the earth's surface and the atmosphere. The gases covered include NO, NO2, HONO, HNO3, NH3, SO2, DMS, Biogenic VOC, O3, CH4, N2O and particles in the size range 1 nm–10 μm including organic and inorganic chemical species. The main focus of the review is on the exchange between terrestrial ecosystems, both managed and natural and the atmosphere, although some new developments in ocean–atmosphere exchange are included. The material presented is biased towards the last decade, but includes earlier work, where more recent developments are limited or absent. New methodologies and instrumentation have enabled, if not driven technical advances in measurement. These developments have advanced the process understanding and upscaling of fluxes, especially for particles, VOC and NH3. Examples of these applications include mass spectrometric methods, such as Aerosol Mass Spectrometry (AMS) adapted for field measurement of atmosphere–surface fluxes using micrometeorological methods for chemically resolved aerosols. Also briefly described are some advances in theory and techniques in micrometeorology. For some of the compounds there have been paradigm shifts in approach and application of both techniques and assessment. These include flux measurements over marine surfaces and urban areas using micrometeorological methods and the up-scaling of flux measurements using aircraft and satellite remote sensing. The application of a flux-based approach in assessment of O3 effects on vegetation at regional scales is an important policy linked development secured through improved quantification of fluxes. The coupling of monitoring, modelling and intensive flux measurement at a continental scale within the NitroEurope network represents a quantum development in the application of research teams to address the underpinning science of reactive nitrogen in the cycling between ecosystems and the atmosphere in Europe. Some important developments of the science have been applied to assist in addressing policy questions, which have been the main driver of the research agenda, while other developments in understanding have not been applied to their wider field especially in chemistry-transport models through deficiencies in obtaining appropriate data to enable application or inertia within the modelling community. The paper identifies applications, gaps and research questions that have remained intractable at least since 2000 within the specialized sections of the paper, and where possible these have been focussed on research questions for the coming decade.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Publication date2009
Volume43
Issue33
Pages5193-5267
ISSN1352-2310
DOIs
StatePublished
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: 122

Keywords

  • Bio energy, Ecosystems, climate effects, greenhouse gasses
Download as:
Download as PDF
Select render style:
APAAuthorCBEHarvardMLAStandardVancouverShortLong
PDF
Download as HTML
Select render style:
APAAuthorCBEHarvardMLAStandardVancouverShortLong
HTML
Download as Word
Select render style:
APAAuthorCBEHarvardMLAStandardVancouverShortLong
Word

ID: 4326759