Publication: Research - peer-review › Book chapter – Annual report year: 2012
The goal of this chapter is to overview several stochastic approaches to modelling suspension flows in porous media, including the population balance approach, the continuous time random walk (CTRW) approach, and its reduction to the elliptic equation approach. Most of these approaches emerged recently, although their mathematical background is relatively well known. Some problems (like upscaling) require the development of new methods. The connections between the formalisms, the discrepancies between them and their capabilities are analysed and compared. Comparison to experimental data is also briefly discussed. The population balance models growing out of the Boltzmann-Smolukhowski formalism take into account the particle and the pore size distributions. A system of integral-differential kinetic equations for the particle transport is derived and averaged. The continuous-time random walk theory considers the distribution of the residence times of particles in pores. The transport equation derived in the framework of CTRW contains a convolution integral with a memory kernel accounting for the particle flight distribution. An important simplification of the CTRW formalism, its reduction to an elliptic transport equation, is also discussed. The CTRW approach and the elliptic equation are both able to catch abnormal behaviour of suspended particles, such as the algebraic decaying tail in the breakthrough curve or asymmetric particle distribution from a pulse injection. The elliptic equation approach can be generalized onto polydisperse particle and pore systems, just incorporating the characteristic features and advantages of both CTRW and population balance approaches.
|Title||Statistical Mechanics and Random Walks: Principles, Processes and Applications|
|Editors||Abram Skogseid, Vicente Fasano|
|Publisher||Nova Science Publishers, Incorporated|
|Name||Mathematics Research Developments|