Antibody dynamics in BRSV-infected Danish dairy herds as determined by isotype-specific immunoglobulins

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2000

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Antibody dynamics in BRSV-infected Danish dairy herds as determined by isotype-specific immunoglobulins. / Uttenthal, Åse; Larsen, Lars Erik; Philipsen, J.S.; Tjørnehøj, Kirsten; Viuff, B.; Nielsen, K.H.; Nielsen, Thomas Krogh.

In: Veterinary Microbiology, Vol. 76, No. 4, 2000, p. 329-341.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2000

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Uttenthal, Åse; Larsen, Lars Erik; Philipsen, J.S.; Tjørnehøj, Kirsten; Viuff, B.; Nielsen, K.H.; Nielsen, Thomas Krogh / Antibody dynamics in BRSV-infected Danish dairy herds as determined by isotype-specific immunoglobulins.

In: Veterinary Microbiology, Vol. 76, No. 4, 2000, p. 329-341.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2000

Bibtex

@article{eddb61ea82a0473495c7f3e251aab28c,
title = "Antibody dynamics in BRSV-infected Danish dairy herds as determined by isotype-specific immunoglobulins",
keywords = "immunoglobulin isotypes, bovine RSV, cattle, maternal immunity",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
author = "Åse Uttenthal and Larsen, {Lars Erik} and J.S. Philipsen and Kirsten Tjørnehøj and B. Viuff and K.H. Nielsen and Nielsen, {Thomas Krogh}",
year = "2000",
doi = "10.1016/S0378-1135(00)00261-3",
volume = "76",
number = "4",
pages = "329--341",
journal = "Veterinary Microbiology",
issn = "0378-1135",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Antibody dynamics in BRSV-infected Danish dairy herds as determined by isotype-specific immunoglobulins

A1 - Uttenthal,Åse

A1 - Larsen,Lars Erik

A1 - Philipsen,J.S.

A1 - Tjørnehøj,Kirsten

A1 - Viuff,B.

A1 - Nielsen,K.H.

A1 - Nielsen,Thomas Krogh

AU - Uttenthal,Åse

AU - Larsen,Lars Erik

AU - Philipsen,J.S.

AU - Tjørnehøj,Kirsten

AU - Viuff,B.

AU - Nielsen,K.H.

AU - Nielsen,Thomas Krogh

PB - Elsevier BV

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - Using specific ELISAs, antibody levels of four different isotypes to bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) were determined in calves, following experimental BRSV infection. Most calves experienced an increase in the specific IgM and IgG1 titres about 6-10 days after infection with BRSV. The IgM titre was transient showing positive titres for only 5-10 days, while specific IgG1 was present for a longer time. IgA was detected concomitantly with IgM but at a lower level. Production of IgG2 anti-BRSV antibodies was detected from 3 weeks after infection. In two closed herds, repeated blood samplings were performed on young stock to analyse maternal immunity. The passively transferred antibodies were mainly of the IgG1 isotype and the half-life of IgG1 to BRSV was estimated to be 26.6 days. One of the herds had an outbreak of enzootic pneumonia, diagnosed to be caused by BRSV. Furthermore, another herd with acute BRSV was followed by weekly blood samples in six calves; in both herds IgM and IgG1 was detected shortly after the appearance of clinical signs. Serum samples from 50 Danish dairy herds (453 samples) were tested for immunoglobulins of the isotypes IgG1, IgG2 and IgM. The presence of antibodies to BRSV was widespread and more than 54% of the samples had BRSV antibodies of both the IgG1 and IgG2 isotypes indicating a high herd prevalence to BRSV. Test samples from two herds out of 50 were free from all isotypes to BRSV.

AB - Using specific ELISAs, antibody levels of four different isotypes to bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) were determined in calves, following experimental BRSV infection. Most calves experienced an increase in the specific IgM and IgG1 titres about 6-10 days after infection with BRSV. The IgM titre was transient showing positive titres for only 5-10 days, while specific IgG1 was present for a longer time. IgA was detected concomitantly with IgM but at a lower level. Production of IgG2 anti-BRSV antibodies was detected from 3 weeks after infection. In two closed herds, repeated blood samplings were performed on young stock to analyse maternal immunity. The passively transferred antibodies were mainly of the IgG1 isotype and the half-life of IgG1 to BRSV was estimated to be 26.6 days. One of the herds had an outbreak of enzootic pneumonia, diagnosed to be caused by BRSV. Furthermore, another herd with acute BRSV was followed by weekly blood samples in six calves; in both herds IgM and IgG1 was detected shortly after the appearance of clinical signs. Serum samples from 50 Danish dairy herds (453 samples) were tested for immunoglobulins of the isotypes IgG1, IgG2 and IgM. The presence of antibodies to BRSV was widespread and more than 54% of the samples had BRSV antibodies of both the IgG1 and IgG2 isotypes indicating a high herd prevalence to BRSV. Test samples from two herds out of 50 were free from all isotypes to BRSV.

KW - immunoglobulin isotypes

KW - bovine RSV

KW - cattle

KW - maternal immunity

U2 - 10.1016/S0378-1135(00)00261-3

DO - 10.1016/S0378-1135(00)00261-3

JO - Veterinary Microbiology

JF - Veterinary Microbiology

SN - 0378-1135

IS - 4

VL - 76

SP - 329

EP - 341

ER -