## Analysis of an iterated local search algorithm for vertex cover in sparse random graphs

Publication: Research - peer-review › Journal article – Annual report year: 2012

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**Analysis of an iterated local search algorithm for vertex cover in sparse random graphs.** / Witt, Carsten.

Publication: Research - peer-review › Journal article – Annual report year: 2012

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*Theoretical Computer Science*, vol 425, pp. 117-125. DOI: 10.1016/j.tcs.2011.01.010

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*Theoretical Computer Science*,

*425*, 117-125. DOI: 10.1016/j.tcs.2011.01.010

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*Theoretical Computer Science*. 2012, 425. 117-125. Available: 10.1016/j.tcs.2011.01.010

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Analysis of an iterated local search algorithm for vertex cover in sparse random graphs

AU - Witt,Carsten

N1 - This article is published in: "Special Issue on Theoretical Foundations of Evolutionary Computation" in the journal: "Theoretical Computer Science"

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Recently, various randomized search heuristics have been studied for the solution of the minimum vertex cover problem, in particular for sparse random instances according to the G(n,c/n) model, where c>0 is a constant. Methods from statistical physics suggest that the problem is easy if c<e. This work starts with a rigorous explanation for this claim based on the refined analysis of the Karp–Sipser algorithm by Aronson et al. (1998) [1]. Subsequently, theoretical supplements are given to experimental studies of search heuristics on random graphs. For c<1, an iterated local search heuristic finds an optimal cover in polynomial time with a probability arbitrarily close to 1. This behavior relies on the absence of a giant component. As an additional insight into the randomized search, it is shown that the heuristic fails badly also on graphs consisting of a single tree component of maximum degree 3.

AB - Recently, various randomized search heuristics have been studied for the solution of the minimum vertex cover problem, in particular for sparse random instances according to the G(n,c/n) model, where c>0 is a constant. Methods from statistical physics suggest that the problem is easy if c<e. This work starts with a rigorous explanation for this claim based on the refined analysis of the Karp–Sipser algorithm by Aronson et al. (1998) [1]. Subsequently, theoretical supplements are given to experimental studies of search heuristics on random graphs. For c<1, an iterated local search heuristic finds an optimal cover in polynomial time with a probability arbitrarily close to 1. This behavior relies on the absence of a giant component. As an additional insight into the randomized search, it is shown that the heuristic fails badly also on graphs consisting of a single tree component of maximum degree 3.

KW - Randomized search heuristics

KW - Iterated local search

KW - Vertex cover

KW - Random graphs

KW - Karp–Sipser algorithm

KW - e-phenonemon

U2 - 10.1016/j.tcs.2011.01.010

DO - 10.1016/j.tcs.2011.01.010

M3 - Journal article

VL - 425

SP - 117

EP - 125

JO - Theoretical Computer Science

T2 - Theoretical Computer Science

JF - Theoretical Computer Science

SN - 0304-3975

ER -