Analysis and Design of a Bidirectional Isolated DC-DC Converter for Fuel Cell and Super-Capacitor Hybrid System

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

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@article{96123c3c9dde47ffbe893614b9f13309,
title = "Analysis and Design of a Bidirectional Isolated DC-DC Converter for Fuel Cell and Super-Capacitor Hybrid System",
keywords = "Bidirectional dc-dc converter, Super-capacitor, Phase-shit, Fuel cell, Current-fed",
publisher = "I E E E",
author = "Zhe Zhang and Ziwei Ouyang and Thomsen, {Ole Cornelius} and Andersen, {Michael A. E.}",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1109/TPEL.2011.2159515",
volume = "27",
number = "2",
pages = "848 -- 859",
journal = "I E E E Transactions on Power Electronics",
issn = "0885-8993",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Analysis and Design of a Bidirectional Isolated DC-DC Converter for Fuel Cell and Super-Capacitor Hybrid System

A1 - Zhang,Zhe

A1 - Ouyang,Ziwei

A1 - Thomsen,Ole Cornelius

A1 - Andersen,Michael A. E.

AU - Zhang,Zhe

AU - Ouyang,Ziwei

AU - Thomsen,Ole Cornelius

AU - Andersen,Michael A. E.

PB - I E E E

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Electrical power system in future uninterruptible power supply (UPS) or electrical vehicle (EV) may employ hybrid energy sources, such as fuel cells and super-capacitors. It will be necessary to efficiently draw the energy from these two sources as well as recharge the energy storage elements by the DC bus. In this paper, a bidirectional isolated DC-DC converter controlled by phase-shift and duty cycle for the fuel cell hybrid energy system is analyzed and designed. The proposed topology minimizes the number of switches and their associated gate driver components by using two high frequency transformers which combine a half-bridge circuit and a full-bridge circuit together on the primary side. The voltage doubler circuit is employed on the secondary side. The current-fed input can limit the input current ripple that is favorable for fuel cells. The parasitic capacitance of the switches is used for zero voltage switching (ZVS). Moreover, a phase-shift and duty cycle modulation method is utilized to control the bidirectional power flow flexibly and it also makes the converter operate under a quasi-optimal condition over a wide input voltage range. This paper describes the operation principle of the proposed converter, the ZVS conditions and the quasi-optimal design in depth. The design guidelines and considerations about the transformers and other key components are given. Finally, a 1- kW 30~50-V-input 400-V-output laboratory prototype operating at 100 kHz switching frequency is built and tested to verify the effectiveness of the presented converter.

AB - Electrical power system in future uninterruptible power supply (UPS) or electrical vehicle (EV) may employ hybrid energy sources, such as fuel cells and super-capacitors. It will be necessary to efficiently draw the energy from these two sources as well as recharge the energy storage elements by the DC bus. In this paper, a bidirectional isolated DC-DC converter controlled by phase-shift and duty cycle for the fuel cell hybrid energy system is analyzed and designed. The proposed topology minimizes the number of switches and their associated gate driver components by using two high frequency transformers which combine a half-bridge circuit and a full-bridge circuit together on the primary side. The voltage doubler circuit is employed on the secondary side. The current-fed input can limit the input current ripple that is favorable for fuel cells. The parasitic capacitance of the switches is used for zero voltage switching (ZVS). Moreover, a phase-shift and duty cycle modulation method is utilized to control the bidirectional power flow flexibly and it also makes the converter operate under a quasi-optimal condition over a wide input voltage range. This paper describes the operation principle of the proposed converter, the ZVS conditions and the quasi-optimal design in depth. The design guidelines and considerations about the transformers and other key components are given. Finally, a 1- kW 30~50-V-input 400-V-output laboratory prototype operating at 100 kHz switching frequency is built and tested to verify the effectiveness of the presented converter.

KW - Bidirectional dc-dc converter

KW - Super-capacitor

KW - Phase-shit

KW - Fuel cell

KW - Current-fed

U2 - 10.1109/TPEL.2011.2159515

DO - 10.1109/TPEL.2011.2159515

JO - I E E E Transactions on Power Electronics

JF - I E E E Transactions on Power Electronics

SN - 0885-8993

IS - 2

VL - 27

SP - 848

EP - 859

ER -