An experimental study of rip channel flow

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2002

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An experimental study of rip channel flow. / Drønen, Nils Kjetil; Karunarathna, H.; Fredsøe, Jørgen; Sumer, B. Mutlu; Deigaard, Rolf.

In: Coastal Engineering, Vol. 45, No. 3-4, 2002, p. pp. 223-238.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2002

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Author

Drønen, Nils Kjetil; Karunarathna, H.; Fredsøe, Jørgen; Sumer, B. Mutlu; Deigaard, Rolf / An experimental study of rip channel flow.

In: Coastal Engineering, Vol. 45, No. 3-4, 2002, p. pp. 223-238.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2002

Bibtex

@article{183cee47298b4b7b91fea3f464085b7b,
title = "An experimental study of rip channel flow",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
author = "Drønen, {Nils Kjetil} and H. Karunarathna and Jørgen Fredsøe and Sumer, {B. Mutlu} and Rolf Deigaard",
year = "2002",
doi = "10.1016/S0378-3839(02)00035-2",
volume = "45",
number = "3-4",
pages = "pp. 223--238",
journal = "Coastal Engineering",
issn = "0378-3839",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - An experimental study of rip channel flow

A1 - Drønen,Nils Kjetil

A1 - Karunarathna,H.

A1 - Fredsøe,Jørgen

A1 - Sumer,B. Mutlu

A1 - Deigaard,Rolf

AU - Drønen,Nils Kjetil

AU - Karunarathna,H.

AU - Fredsøe,Jørgen

AU - Sumer,B. Mutlu

AU - Deigaard,Rolf

PB - Elsevier BV

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - A laboratory study of the flow over a bar with a single rip channel has been performed. First, the well-known pattern of a bar circulation cell with a strong offshore-directed current out through the rip channel and a weaker onshore-directed return flow over the bar is documented. Then measurements of the three-dimensional structure of the flow in the area where the rip channel, the bar and the trough meet and well inside the rip channel are presented. These measurements reveal that 3D effects play an important role, and that a depth-integrated viewpoint may not always be sufficient for predicting the flow in the near bed region. Particle-tracking experiments illustrate the near bed flow pattern over the entire area. These demonstrate how the overall trajectory pattern changes as a function of the distance of wave breaking from the bar crest: For some conditions, the rip current is fed from the trough and for other conditions it is fed directly from the bar. Both the 3D measurements and the trajectory tests show the existence of a weaker onshore-directed near-bed drift in the area where the rip current ceases. Finally, in a series of sensitivity tests, measurements of the rip current intensity for different wave climate and water level conditions reveal a strong correlation between the rip current intensity and the wave height (both normalized). (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

AB - A laboratory study of the flow over a bar with a single rip channel has been performed. First, the well-known pattern of a bar circulation cell with a strong offshore-directed current out through the rip channel and a weaker onshore-directed return flow over the bar is documented. Then measurements of the three-dimensional structure of the flow in the area where the rip channel, the bar and the trough meet and well inside the rip channel are presented. These measurements reveal that 3D effects play an important role, and that a depth-integrated viewpoint may not always be sufficient for predicting the flow in the near bed region. Particle-tracking experiments illustrate the near bed flow pattern over the entire area. These demonstrate how the overall trajectory pattern changes as a function of the distance of wave breaking from the bar crest: For some conditions, the rip current is fed from the trough and for other conditions it is fed directly from the bar. Both the 3D measurements and the trajectory tests show the existence of a weaker onshore-directed near-bed drift in the area where the rip current ceases. Finally, in a series of sensitivity tests, measurements of the rip current intensity for different wave climate and water level conditions reveal a strong correlation between the rip current intensity and the wave height (both normalized). (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

U2 - 10.1016/S0378-3839(02)00035-2

DO - 10.1016/S0378-3839(02)00035-2

JO - Coastal Engineering

JF - Coastal Engineering

SN - 0378-3839

IS - 3-4

VL - 45

SP - 223

EP - 238

ER -