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The genetic variability of a gene coding for an outer membrane lipoprotein (omlA) was used to develop a PCR typing system for Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae. Sequence differences in the middle region of the gene divided the A. pleuropneumoniae serotypes in five distinct groups. Group I included serotypes 1, 9, 11 and 12 (omlA 1), Group II consisted of serotypes 2 and 8 (omlA II), Group III included serotypes 3, 6 and 7 (omlA III), Group TV (omlA IV) consisted of serotype 4 and Group V of serotypes 5a, 5b and 10 (omlA V). The sequence differences were utilized to construct PCR primers specific for each group, except of Group TV, as the amplicon of serotype 4 could be separated from Group III by size. Together with a PCR apr typing system, the omlA PCR typing system could discriminate the majority of A. pleuropneumoniae serotypes of biovar 1 except of serotypes I, 9 and 11 and serotypes 2 and 8. The PCR typing system was tested on 102 field strains of A. pleuropneumoniae isolated from lungs of diseased pigs. The serotyping results of the investigated field strains were in agreement with the apr and omlA gene patterns found in the reference strains of the bacteria, with the exception of the omlA gene of five strains of serotype 8. To examine the apx and omlA gene pattern of tonsil isolates, the PCR typing system was tested on a total of 280 A. pleuropneumoniae field strains isolated from tonsils of pigs. Agreement between serotyping and DNA typing was found in 96% of the isolates using the apx gene patterns and in 89% of the isolates using the omlA gene. The same serotype specific apx/omlA gene pattern was thus found in the majority of the tonsil isolates and in isolates from diseased lungs. Most of the differences in the omlA gene were found in 18 tonsil isolates of serotype 12. The omlA/apx PCR typing system described in the present study makes it possible to determine the type specificity of the majority of A. pleuropneumoniae isolates by simple PCR technique and enables phenotype independent characterization of isolates non-typable by serotyping.
Original languageEnglish
JournalVeterinary Microbiology
Publication date2000
Volume75
Issue1
Pages43-57
ISSN0378-1135
StatePublished

Keywords

  • Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, bacteria, PCR, pig
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