Airflow Characteristics at the Breathing Zone of a Seated Person : Passive Control over the Interaction of the Free Convection Flow and Locally Applied Airflow from Front for Personalized Ventilation Application
Publication: Research › Article in proceedings – Annual report year: 2011
A workstation with a desk-mounted Personalized Ventilation (PV) unit, with circular diffuser (d = 0.185 m) supplying air from the front/above towards the face of a thermal manikin with realistic body shape and temperature distribution was set in a climate chamber (4.70 m x 1.62 m x 2.6 m). The distance between manikin’s face and the diffuser was 0.4 m. Mixing overhead ventilation at 15 L/s was used to ventilate the chamber. The room air temperature was kept at 20 oC. The PV air was supplied isothermally at 4, 6 or 8 L/s. The thermal manikin was sitting 0.1 m away from the front edge of the table. Passive method for control over the airflow characteristics at the breathing zone to increase the amount of clean air in inhalation consisted of a rectangular board (0.63 m x 0.36 m) placed below the table and pressed against the abdominal. It acted as a barrier reducing the convection flow upcoming from the lower body. The resultant velocity field at the breathing zone was measured with Particle Image Velocimetry: a dual cavity laser (λ = 532 nm) and two CCD cameras with 35 and 60 mm lenses. Seeding consisting of glycerol droplets (d = 2-3 μm) was added to the total volume supply. The blocking of the convection layer by the board decreased twice the absolute mean velocity at the mouth: from 0.2 m/s to 0.1 m/s. This made it possible for the PV flow already at 4 L/s to penetrate the free convection flow, which without the board was achieved at the PV flow rate of 6 L/s.
|Number of pages||8|
|Period||01-01-11 → …|
- Convection flow, Passive control, Personalized ventilation, Airflow interaction
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