Air movement and perceived air quality

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

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Air movement and perceived air quality. / Melikov, Arsen Krikor; Kaczmarczyk, J.

In: Building and Environment, Vol. 47, No. 1, 2012, p. 400-409.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

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Author

Melikov, Arsen Krikor; Kaczmarczyk, J. / Air movement and perceived air quality.

In: Building and Environment, Vol. 47, No. 1, 2012, p. 400-409.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

Bibtex

@article{d7dacdf3bfa84541a945975dcb862cfa,
title = "Air movement and perceived air quality",
keywords = "Air pollution, SBS symptoms, Air movement, Perceived air quality",
publisher = "Pergamon",
author = "Melikov, {Arsen Krikor} and J. Kaczmarczyk",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1016/j.buildenv.2011.06.017",
volume = "47",
number = "1",
pages = "400--409",
journal = "Building and Environment",
issn = "0360-1323",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Air movement and perceived air quality

A1 - Melikov,Arsen Krikor

A1 - Kaczmarczyk,J.

AU - Melikov,Arsen Krikor

AU - Kaczmarczyk,J.

PB - Pergamon

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - The impact of air movement on perceived air quality (PAQ) and sick building syndrome (SBS) symptoms was studied. In total, 124 human subjects participated in four series of experiments performed in climate chambers at different combinations of room air temperature (20, 23, 26 and 28 °C), relative humidity (30, 40 and 70%) and pollution level (low and high). Most of the experiments were performed with and without facially applied airflow at elevated velocity. The importance of the use of recirculated room air and clean, cool and dry outdoor air was studied. The exposures ranged from 60. min to 235. min. Acceptability of PAQ and freshness of the air improved when air movement was applied. The elevated air movement diminished the negative impact of increased air temperature, relative humidity and pollution level on PAQ. The degree of improvement depended on the pollution level, the temperature and the humidity of the room air. At a low humidity level of 30% an increased velocity could compensate for the decrease in perceived air quality due to an elevated temperature ranging from 20 °C to 26 °C. In a room with 26 °C, increased air movement was also able to compensate for an increase in humidity from 30% to 60%, but not to 70%. The elevated velocity of recirculated polluted room air did not decrease the intensity of SBS symptoms, but movement of clean, cool and dry air did so. Energy-saving strategy of improving occupants' comfort in rooms by moving room air at high velocity and maintaining room temperature high at reduced supply of outdoor air or by a decrease of indoor air enthalpy should be cautiously implemented in buildings because the pollution level may still cause negative health effects. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

AB - The impact of air movement on perceived air quality (PAQ) and sick building syndrome (SBS) symptoms was studied. In total, 124 human subjects participated in four series of experiments performed in climate chambers at different combinations of room air temperature (20, 23, 26 and 28 °C), relative humidity (30, 40 and 70%) and pollution level (low and high). Most of the experiments were performed with and without facially applied airflow at elevated velocity. The importance of the use of recirculated room air and clean, cool and dry outdoor air was studied. The exposures ranged from 60. min to 235. min. Acceptability of PAQ and freshness of the air improved when air movement was applied. The elevated air movement diminished the negative impact of increased air temperature, relative humidity and pollution level on PAQ. The degree of improvement depended on the pollution level, the temperature and the humidity of the room air. At a low humidity level of 30% an increased velocity could compensate for the decrease in perceived air quality due to an elevated temperature ranging from 20 °C to 26 °C. In a room with 26 °C, increased air movement was also able to compensate for an increase in humidity from 30% to 60%, but not to 70%. The elevated velocity of recirculated polluted room air did not decrease the intensity of SBS symptoms, but movement of clean, cool and dry air did so. Energy-saving strategy of improving occupants' comfort in rooms by moving room air at high velocity and maintaining room temperature high at reduced supply of outdoor air or by a decrease of indoor air enthalpy should be cautiously implemented in buildings because the pollution level may still cause negative health effects. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

KW - Air pollution

KW - SBS symptoms

KW - Air movement

KW - Perceived air quality

U2 - 10.1016/j.buildenv.2011.06.017

DO - 10.1016/j.buildenv.2011.06.017

JO - Building and Environment

JF - Building and Environment

SN - 0360-1323

IS - 1

VL - 47

SP - 400

EP - 409

ER -