Accurate Stabilities of Laccase Mutants Predicted with a Modified FoldX Protocol

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

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Accurate Stabilities of Laccase Mutants Predicted with a Modified FoldX Protocol. / Christensen, Niels Johan; Kepp, Kasper Planeta.

In: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 2012, p. 3028-3042.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

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@article{f7462541b6334948b805cf5537a71b90,
title = "Accurate Stabilities of Laccase Mutants Predicted with a Modified FoldX Protocol",
keywords = "Protein stability, Laccases, FoldX, Molecular dynamica, QSPR",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
author = "Christensen, {Niels Johan} and Kepp, {Kasper Planeta}",
note = "© 2012 American Chemical Society",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1021/ci300398z",
pages = "3028--3042",
journal = "Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling",
issn = "1549-9596",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Accurate Stabilities of Laccase Mutants Predicted with a Modified FoldX Protocol

A1 - Christensen,Niels Johan

A1 - Kepp,Kasper Planeta

AU - Christensen,Niels Johan

AU - Kepp,Kasper Planeta

PB - American Chemical Society

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Fungal laccases are multi-copper enzymes of industrial importance due to their high stability, multi-functionality, and oxidizing power. This paper reports computational protocols that quantify the relative stability (∆∆G of folding) of mutants of high-redox-potential laccases (TvLIIIb and PM1L) with up to 11 simultaneously mutated sites with good correlation against experimental stability trends. Molecular dynamics simulations of the two laccases show that FoldX is very structure-sensitive, since all mutants and the wild-type must share structural configuration to avoid artifacts of local sampling. However, using the average of 50 MD snapshots of the equilibrated trajectories restores correlation (r ~0.7-0.9, r2 ~0.49-0.81) and provides a root-mean-square accuracy of ~1.2 kcal/mol for ∆∆G or 3.5 ○C for T50, suggesting that the time-average of the crystal structure is recovered. MD-averaged input also reduces the spread in ∆∆G, suggesting that local FoldX sampling overestimates free energy changes because of neglected protein relaxation. FoldX can be viewed as a simple “linear interaction energy” method using sampling of wild-type and mutant and a parameterized relative free energy function: Thus, we show in this work that a substantial “hysteresis” of ~1 kcal/mol applies to FoldX, and that an improved protocol that reverses calculations and uses the average obtained ∆∆G enhances correlation with the experimental data. As glycosylation is ignored in FoldX, its effect on ∆∆G must be additive to the amino acid mutations. Quantitative structure-property relationships of the FoldX energy components produced a substantially improved laccase stability predictor with errors of ~1 ○C for T50, vs. 3-5 ○C for a standard FoldX protocol. The developed model provides insight into the physical forces governing the high stability of fungal laccases, most notably the hydrophobic and Van der Waal's interactions in the folded state, which provide most of the predictive power.

AB - Fungal laccases are multi-copper enzymes of industrial importance due to their high stability, multi-functionality, and oxidizing power. This paper reports computational protocols that quantify the relative stability (∆∆G of folding) of mutants of high-redox-potential laccases (TvLIIIb and PM1L) with up to 11 simultaneously mutated sites with good correlation against experimental stability trends. Molecular dynamics simulations of the two laccases show that FoldX is very structure-sensitive, since all mutants and the wild-type must share structural configuration to avoid artifacts of local sampling. However, using the average of 50 MD snapshots of the equilibrated trajectories restores correlation (r ~0.7-0.9, r2 ~0.49-0.81) and provides a root-mean-square accuracy of ~1.2 kcal/mol for ∆∆G or 3.5 ○C for T50, suggesting that the time-average of the crystal structure is recovered. MD-averaged input also reduces the spread in ∆∆G, suggesting that local FoldX sampling overestimates free energy changes because of neglected protein relaxation. FoldX can be viewed as a simple “linear interaction energy” method using sampling of wild-type and mutant and a parameterized relative free energy function: Thus, we show in this work that a substantial “hysteresis” of ~1 kcal/mol applies to FoldX, and that an improved protocol that reverses calculations and uses the average obtained ∆∆G enhances correlation with the experimental data. As glycosylation is ignored in FoldX, its effect on ∆∆G must be additive to the amino acid mutations. Quantitative structure-property relationships of the FoldX energy components produced a substantially improved laccase stability predictor with errors of ~1 ○C for T50, vs. 3-5 ○C for a standard FoldX protocol. The developed model provides insight into the physical forces governing the high stability of fungal laccases, most notably the hydrophobic and Van der Waal's interactions in the folded state, which provide most of the predictive power.

KW - Protein stability

KW - Laccases

KW - FoldX

KW - Molecular dynamica

KW - QSPR

UR - http://pubs.acs.org.globalproxy.cvt.dk/doi/abs/10.1021/ci300398z

U2 - 10.1021/ci300398z

DO - 10.1021/ci300398z

JO - Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling

JF - Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling

SN - 1549-9596

SP - 3028

EP - 3042

ER -