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A review of wastewater handling in the Arctic with special reference to Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products (PPCPs) and microbial pollution. / Gunnarsdottir, Ragnhildur; Jenssen, Petter Deinboll; Jensen, Pernille Erland; Villumsen, Arne; Kallenborn, Roland .

In: Ecological Engineering, Vol. 50, 2013, p. 76-85.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2013

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Gunnarsdottir, Ragnhildur; Jenssen, Petter Deinboll; Jensen, Pernille Erland; Villumsen, Arne; Kallenborn, Roland / A review of wastewater handling in the Arctic with special reference to Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products (PPCPs) and microbial pollution.

In: Ecological Engineering, Vol. 50, 2013, p. 76-85.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2013

Bibtex

@article{6254737eec1847d79aac3dd3394776d1,
title = "A review of wastewater handling in the Arctic with special reference to Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products (PPCPs) and microbial pollution",
keywords = "Arctic, Wastewater, Public health, Pharmaceutical residues, Antibiotic resistant bacteria, Composting, Anaerobic digestion",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
author = "Ragnhildur Gunnarsdottir and Jenssen, {Petter Deinboll} and Jensen, {Pernille Erland} and Arne Villumsen and Roland Kallenborn",
year = "2013",
volume = "50",
pages = "76--85",
journal = "Ecological Engineering",
issn = "0925-8574",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A review of wastewater handling in the Arctic with special reference to Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products (PPCPs) and microbial pollution

A1 - Gunnarsdottir,Ragnhildur

A1 - Jenssen,Petter Deinboll

A1 - Jensen,Pernille Erland

A1 - Villumsen,Arne

A1 - Kallenborn,Roland

AU - Gunnarsdottir,Ragnhildur

AU - Jenssen,Petter Deinboll

AU - Jensen,Pernille Erland

AU - Villumsen,Arne

AU - Kallenborn,Roland

PB - Elsevier BV

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Treatment of wastewater is often inadequate or completely lacking in Arctic regions. Wastewater contains different kinds of substances that can be harmful for the environment and human health, including residues of pharmaceuticals and personal care products. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications of chemicals in the food web are of concern. This can affect fishery that is a significant industry in many Arctic coastal regions. Wastewater from human settlements may also contain antibiotic resistant bacteria and pathogens that can cause negative impacts on human health and the environment. In the Arctic, especially, the direct release of untreated sewage may have severe consequences for the receiving environment due to low biological diversity, low ambient temperatures and consequently high vulnerability of the Arctic ecosystem to environmental contaminants. Bucket toilets are common in remote settlements but are also used in towns. In settlements having inadequate sanitary facilities the risk of contracting diseases, such as hepatitis A, is unacceptably high. Conventional centralized wastewater collection systems and treatment plants are a challenge to build in the Arctic and expensive to operate. Thus alternative methods are needed. Possible solutions are improved dry or low flush toilets with collection of toilet waste at the household level and subsequent centralized treatment by dry composting or anaerobic digestion. Both treatment methods facilitate co-treatment of wastewater along with other organic waste fractions and provide a by-product that is environmentally safe and easy to handle. Combining the above with decentralized greywater treatment will reduce the costs for expensive infrastructure.

AB - Treatment of wastewater is often inadequate or completely lacking in Arctic regions. Wastewater contains different kinds of substances that can be harmful for the environment and human health, including residues of pharmaceuticals and personal care products. Bioaccumulation and biomagnifications of chemicals in the food web are of concern. This can affect fishery that is a significant industry in many Arctic coastal regions. Wastewater from human settlements may also contain antibiotic resistant bacteria and pathogens that can cause negative impacts on human health and the environment. In the Arctic, especially, the direct release of untreated sewage may have severe consequences for the receiving environment due to low biological diversity, low ambient temperatures and consequently high vulnerability of the Arctic ecosystem to environmental contaminants. Bucket toilets are common in remote settlements but are also used in towns. In settlements having inadequate sanitary facilities the risk of contracting diseases, such as hepatitis A, is unacceptably high. Conventional centralized wastewater collection systems and treatment plants are a challenge to build in the Arctic and expensive to operate. Thus alternative methods are needed. Possible solutions are improved dry or low flush toilets with collection of toilet waste at the household level and subsequent centralized treatment by dry composting or anaerobic digestion. Both treatment methods facilitate co-treatment of wastewater along with other organic waste fractions and provide a by-product that is environmentally safe and easy to handle. Combining the above with decentralized greywater treatment will reduce the costs for expensive infrastructure.

KW - Arctic

KW - Wastewater

KW - Public health

KW - Pharmaceutical residues

KW - Antibiotic resistant bacteria

KW - Composting

KW - Anaerobic digestion

JO - Ecological Engineering

JF - Ecological Engineering

SN - 0925-8574

VL - 50

SP - 76

EP - 85

ER -