A global mean dynamic topography and ocean circulation estimation using a preliminary GOCE gravity model

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

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A global mean dynamic topography and ocean circulation estimation using a preliminary GOCE gravity model. / Knudsen, Per; Bingham, R.; Andersen, Ole Baltazar; Rio, Marie-Helene.

In: Journal of Geodesy, Vol. 85, No. 11, 2011, p. 861-879.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

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Knudsen, Per; Bingham, R.; Andersen, Ole Baltazar; Rio, Marie-Helene / A global mean dynamic topography and ocean circulation estimation using a preliminary GOCE gravity model.

In: Journal of Geodesy, Vol. 85, No. 11, 2011, p. 861-879.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

Bibtex

@article{5f823101a2234eefa6df98395ef38ebe,
title = "A global mean dynamic topography and ocean circulation estimation using a preliminary GOCE gravity model",
keywords = "GOCE, Dynamic ocean topography, Ocean circulation, Altimetry",
publisher = "Springer",
author = "Per Knudsen and R. Bingham and Andersen, {Ole Baltazar} and Marie-Helene Rio",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1007/s00190-011-0485-8",
volume = "85",
number = "11",
pages = "861--879",
journal = "Journal of Geodesy",
issn = "0949-7714",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A global mean dynamic topography and ocean circulation estimation using a preliminary GOCE gravity model

A1 - Knudsen,Per

A1 - Bingham,R.

A1 - Andersen,Ole Baltazar

A1 - Rio,Marie-Helene

AU - Knudsen,Per

AU - Bingham,R.

AU - Andersen,Ole Baltazar

AU - Rio,Marie-Helene

PB - Springer

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - The Gravity and steady-state Ocean Circulation Explorer (GOCE) satellite mission measures Earth’s gravity field with an unprecedented accuracy at short spatial scales. In doing so, it promises to significantly advance our ability to determine the ocean’s general circulation. In this study, an initial gravity model from GOCE, based on just 2 months of data, is combined with the recent DTU10MSS mean sea surface to construct a global mean dynamic topography (MDT) model. The GOCE MDT clearly displays the gross features of the ocean’s steady-state circulation. More significantly, the improved gravity model provided by the GOCE mission has enhanced the resolution and sharpened the boundaries of those features compared with earlier satellite only solutions. Calculation of the geostrophic surface currents from the MDT reveals improvements for all of the ocean’s major current systems. In the North Atlantic, the Gulf Stream is stronger and more clearly defined, as are the Labrador and the Greenland currents. Furthermore, the finer scale features, such as eddies,meanders and branches of theGulf Stream and North Atlantic Current system are visible. Similar improvements are seen also in the North Pacific Ocean, where the Kuroshio and its extension are well represented. In the Southern hemisphere, both the Agulhas and the Brazil-Malvinas Confluence current systems are well defined, and in the Southern ocean the Antarctic Circumpolar Current appears enhanced. The results of this preliminary analysis, using an initial GOCE gravity model, clearly demonstrate the potential of the GOCE mission. Already, at this early stage of the mission, the resolution of the MDT has been improved and the estimated surface current speeds have been increased compared with a GRACE satellite-only MDT. Future GOCE gravity models are expected to build further upon this early success.

AB - The Gravity and steady-state Ocean Circulation Explorer (GOCE) satellite mission measures Earth’s gravity field with an unprecedented accuracy at short spatial scales. In doing so, it promises to significantly advance our ability to determine the ocean’s general circulation. In this study, an initial gravity model from GOCE, based on just 2 months of data, is combined with the recent DTU10MSS mean sea surface to construct a global mean dynamic topography (MDT) model. The GOCE MDT clearly displays the gross features of the ocean’s steady-state circulation. More significantly, the improved gravity model provided by the GOCE mission has enhanced the resolution and sharpened the boundaries of those features compared with earlier satellite only solutions. Calculation of the geostrophic surface currents from the MDT reveals improvements for all of the ocean’s major current systems. In the North Atlantic, the Gulf Stream is stronger and more clearly defined, as are the Labrador and the Greenland currents. Furthermore, the finer scale features, such as eddies,meanders and branches of theGulf Stream and North Atlantic Current system are visible. Similar improvements are seen also in the North Pacific Ocean, where the Kuroshio and its extension are well represented. In the Southern hemisphere, both the Agulhas and the Brazil-Malvinas Confluence current systems are well defined, and in the Southern ocean the Antarctic Circumpolar Current appears enhanced. The results of this preliminary analysis, using an initial GOCE gravity model, clearly demonstrate the potential of the GOCE mission. Already, at this early stage of the mission, the resolution of the MDT has been improved and the estimated surface current speeds have been increased compared with a GRACE satellite-only MDT. Future GOCE gravity models are expected to build further upon this early success.

KW - GOCE

KW - Dynamic ocean topography

KW - Ocean circulation

KW - Altimetry

U2 - 10.1007/s00190-011-0485-8

DO - 10.1007/s00190-011-0485-8

JO - Journal of Geodesy

JF - Journal of Geodesy

SN - 0949-7714

IS - 11

VL - 85

SP - 861

EP - 879

ER -