DOI

View graph of relations

Graphitic layer encapsulated iron based nanoparticles (G@FeNPs) have recently been disclosed as an interesting type of highly active electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). However, the complex composition of the metal-containing components and their contributions in catalysis remain unclear. As a representative catalyst of the unique encapsulated structure, a series of G@FeNPs catalysts were prepared by a high-pressure pyrolytic process with uniform and essentially identical morphologies but varied compositions. The catalysts exhibited a high onset potential of 0.85 V at 0.1 mA cm-2 in acidic media. By 57Fe-Mössbauer spectroscopy the iron containing components were identified including α-Fe,γ-Fe, γ-Fe2O3, and Fe3C as well as a minor doublet component due to Fe3+ in high spin and/or Fe2+ in low spin state. The ORR activities are evaluated in terms of the mass specific kinetic current density found to be positively correlated with the Fe3C content in the range of study, indicating involvement of the encapsulated nanoparticles in the ORR catalysis. The recognition of the Fe compositions and active sites provides new insights to the confined Fe-based ORR electrocatalysts and therefore options for further development of non-precious metal materials.
Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Volume221
Pages (from-to)406-412
Number of pages7
ISSN0926-3373
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: 5

    Keywords

  • 57Fe-Mössbauer spectroscopy, Encapsulated Fe catalysts, Fuel cells, Oxygen reduction reaction
Download as:
Download as PDF
Select render style:
APAAuthorCBE/CSEHarvardMLAStandardVancouverShortLong
PDF
Download as HTML
Select render style:
APAAuthorCBE/CSEHarvardMLAStandardVancouverShortLong
HTML
Download as Word
Select render style:
APAAuthorCBE/CSEHarvardMLAStandardVancouverShortLong
Word

ID: 137906619