1.7 nm Platinum Nanoparticles: Synthesis with Glucose Starch, Characterization and Catalysis

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2010

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1.7 nm Platinum Nanoparticles: Synthesis with Glucose Starch, Characterization and Catalysis. / Engelbrekt, Christian; Sørensen, Karsten Holm; Lubcke, T.; Zhang, Jingdong; Li, Qingfeng; Pan, Chao; Bjerrum, Niels; Ulstrup, Jens.

In: ChemPhysChem, Vol. 11, No. 13, 2010, p. 2844-2853.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2010

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Engelbrekt, Christian; Sørensen, Karsten Holm; Lubcke, T.; Zhang, Jingdong; Li, Qingfeng; Pan, Chao; Bjerrum, Niels; Ulstrup, Jens / 1.7 nm Platinum Nanoparticles: Synthesis with Glucose Starch, Characterization and Catalysis.

In: ChemPhysChem, Vol. 11, No. 13, 2010, p. 2844-2853.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2010

Bibtex

@article{9a2ab3bae5e6498fb04bde6fe913106b,
title = "1.7 nm Platinum Nanoparticles: Synthesis with Glucose Starch, Characterization and Catalysis",
publisher = "Wiley - V C H Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA",
author = "Christian Engelbrekt and Sørensen, {Karsten Holm} and T. Lubcke and Jingdong Zhang and Qingfeng Li and Chao Pan and Niels Bjerrum and Jens Ulstrup",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1002/cphc.201000380",
volume = "11",
number = "13",
pages = "2844--2853",
journal = "ChemPhysChem",
issn = "1439-4235",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - 1.7 nm Platinum Nanoparticles: Synthesis with Glucose Starch, Characterization and Catalysis

A1 - Engelbrekt,Christian

A1 - Sørensen,Karsten Holm

A1 - Lubcke,T.

A1 - Zhang,Jingdong

A1 - Li,Qingfeng

A1 - Pan,Chao

A1 - Bjerrum,Niels

A1 - Ulstrup,Jens

AU - Engelbrekt,Christian

AU - Sørensen,Karsten Holm

AU - Lubcke,T.

AU - Zhang,Jingdong

AU - Li,Qingfeng

AU - Pan,Chao

AU - Bjerrum,Niels

AU - Ulstrup,Jens

PB - Wiley - V C H Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Monodisperse platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) were synthesized by a green recipe. Glucose serves as a reducing agent and starch as a stabilization agent to protect the freshly formed PtNP cores in buffered aqueous solutions. Among the ten buffers studied, 2-(N-morpholino)ethanesulfonic acid (MES), ammonium acetate and phosphate are the best media for PtNP size control and fast chemical preparation. The uniform sizes of the metal cores were determined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and found to be 1.8 +/- 0.5, 1.7 +/- 0.2 and 1.6 +/- 0.5 nm in phosphate, MES and ammonium acetate buffer, respectively. The estimated total diameter of the core with a starch coating layer is 5.8-6.0 nm, based on thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The synthesis reaction is simple, environmentally friendly, highly reproducible, and easy to scale up. The PtNPs were characterized electrochemically and show high catalytic activity for reduction of dioxygen and hydrogen peroxide as well as for oxidation of dihydrogen. The PtNPs can be transferred to carbon support materials with little demand for high specific surface area of carbon. This enables utilization of graphitized carbon blacks to prepare well-dispersed Pt/C catalysts, which exhibit significantly improved durability in the accelerated aging test under fuel cell mimicking conditions.

AB - Monodisperse platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) were synthesized by a green recipe. Glucose serves as a reducing agent and starch as a stabilization agent to protect the freshly formed PtNP cores in buffered aqueous solutions. Among the ten buffers studied, 2-(N-morpholino)ethanesulfonic acid (MES), ammonium acetate and phosphate are the best media for PtNP size control and fast chemical preparation. The uniform sizes of the metal cores were determined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and found to be 1.8 +/- 0.5, 1.7 +/- 0.2 and 1.6 +/- 0.5 nm in phosphate, MES and ammonium acetate buffer, respectively. The estimated total diameter of the core with a starch coating layer is 5.8-6.0 nm, based on thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The synthesis reaction is simple, environmentally friendly, highly reproducible, and easy to scale up. The PtNPs were characterized electrochemically and show high catalytic activity for reduction of dioxygen and hydrogen peroxide as well as for oxidation of dihydrogen. The PtNPs can be transferred to carbon support materials with little demand for high specific surface area of carbon. This enables utilization of graphitized carbon blacks to prepare well-dispersed Pt/C catalysts, which exhibit significantly improved durability in the accelerated aging test under fuel cell mimicking conditions.

KW - heterogeneous catalysis

KW - fuel cells

KW - platinum

KW - nanoparticles

KW - electrochemistry

U2 - 10.1002/cphc.201000380

DO - 10.1002/cphc.201000380

JO - ChemPhysChem

JF - ChemPhysChem

SN - 1439-4235

IS - 13

VL - 11

SP - 2844

EP - 2853

ER -