Photonics Europe: Photonic Crystal Fibers IV

Activity: Lecture and oral contribution

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The possibility of second-harmonic generation based on surface dipole and bulk multipole nonlinearities in silica nanowires is investigated numerically. Both circular and microstructured nanowires are considered. Phase matching is provided by propagating the pump field in the fundamental mode, while generating the second harmonic in one of the modes of the LP11 multiplet. This is shown to work in both circular and microstructured nanowires, although only one of the LP11 modes can be phase-matched in the microstructure. The prospect of obtaining large conversion efficiencies in silica-based nanowires is critically discussed, based on simulations of second-harmonic generation in nanowires with a fluctuating phase-matching wavelength. It is concluded that efficient wavelength conversion will either require strong improvements in the nanowire uniformity, or an increase of the second-order nonlinearity by at least an order of magnitude by use of a different base material, or highly polarizable surface coatings.
Note: Theory of second-harmonic generation in silica nanowires
Place: Brussels, Belgium
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ID: 2370468