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The huge interest in silica photonic crystal fibres (PCFs) has largely been due to the possibility of manipulating the dispersion profile by modifying the microstructure. This has allowed researchers to shift the zero-dispersion wavelength of silica fibres to below 800 nm by reducing the core size. The combination of a small core size and zero-dispersion wavelength at the operating wavelength of widely available femtosecond Ti:sapphire lasers led to an extensive research in supercontinuum generation and other nonlinear effects in PCFs. It is crucial for the efficiency of many nonlinear mechanisms that the pump laser wavelength is close to the zero-dispersion wavelength and that the core size is small. Recently, work in fabricating PCFs from materials other than silica has intensified. One of the advantages of using alternative materials can be a higher inherent material nonlinearity, which is potentially the case for microstructured polymer optical fibres (mPOFs). Another advantage is that polymer materials have a higher biocompatibility than silica, meaning that it is easier to bond certain types of biosensor materials to a polymer surface than to silica. As with silica PCFs, it is difficult to accurately obtain a small core size while maintaining small structural variations during fibre drawing. This talk will give a presentation of how the mPOFs are fabricated and the route to obtaining nonlinear effects in them.
Place: Berlin, Germany
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ID: 2362919